UNIFYING THEORY OF VIOLENCE

UNIFYING THEORY OF VIOLENCE

Postby drlynch on Wed Jul 11, 2007 10:15 pm

ABSTRACT OF PAPER TO BE GIVEN 9/2007 MEXICO CITY:

FACIAL RECOGNITION OF AFFECT:
SHAME AND HUMILATION AS UNIFIYING CONCEPTS
FOR THE ORIGEN VIOLENCE
Brian Lynch, M.D.

Some fifteen years ago the concepts of shame and humiliation where little recognized as motivators of human action or for their importance in treatment and intervention. This situation has slowly begun to change. The purpose of this paper is to help bring to light some of the more important work dealing with these concepts especially in linking our cognitions of shame and humiliation to their biological roots. For the former concept of shame I draw heavily on the work of Donald Nathanson who is known for helping us understand the genius of Silvan Tomkins who for this writer definitively defines shame. I look to Evelin Lindner to help us understand humiliation and its central role in human relations especially in terms of aggression and violence.

The above said the themes of shame and humiliations are to be grounded in Tompkins’s theory of facial “affect”. Tomkins argues that humans are born with an innate set of “affects” or feelings the meaning of which we then learn. Shame and humiliation become a rather complex story within this biological milieu but what is important is that they are a very powerful ways to start to see a biological grounding and thus a common grounding for all humanity to understand the origins of most all aggression and violence.

It is concluded that, based on the work of Tomkins, humans are constantly exchanging large amounts of emotional information through facial expression that is usually received and processed unconsciously. This does not have to be the case. It is argued that we can all become much more aware and adept at facial cues and in so doing gain a great deal of skill at improving empathy and communication skills and thus adverting many instances of violence and aggression.
drlynch
Site Admin
 
Posts: 585
Joined: Wed Oct 12, 2005 1:05 pm

Return to ABSTRACTS

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest

cron